Academic Writing in US English: My common mistakes

I usually make the following common mistakes when I need to use APA sixth edition and US English. I got these comments from an editing service.

In APA style, “et al.” is not italicized.

If a quotation is set off by quotation marks, there is no need to italicize it.

In U.S. English usage, periods (full stops) and commas always go inside the closing quotation mark.

“Firstly,” “secondly,” and “thirdly” are common UK English but virtually unheard of in US English.

APA style calls for Level 4 headings to be set in boldface italic.

While “towards” is common in UK English, “toward” is generally preferred in US English.


Administrative decision in Bangladesh is a barrier to technology satisfaction or adoption

Administrative decision practice and underlying politics in  Bangladesh is the greatest barrier to technology satisfaction of citizens or even adoption of the same. While many can easily relate the issue, I shall just put one example here.  A recent Bangla news in says that due to technical difficulty 11.5 thousand BCS candidates could not complete application process. The Mobile-based services operator Teletalk stated the limitations of the technical system to the newspaper. Furthermore, they anticipated problems reported by the newspapers much earlier and asked the BCS examiniation administration to extend some processing deadline. But they did not!!!

It would take much longer to educate the administrative heads to deal sensibly with e-service systems. They might hinder further adoption by the mass.

I strongly believe that private sector will have faster rate of adoption than the public counterparts. The underlying reasons are simple, unnecessary hassle with administrative decision.

Skype and Mobile – Low cost communication in Bangaldesh

Have you considered investing one time for one Mobile phone and using internet for being connected and spending very low for communication?

This is best of those who have more people around having scope to use a bit high end mobile in which skype can be installed.

If you are using skype in your mobile…please do let me know…would like to discuss about it for my research. If you are not using, follow this blog. Might be able convince you.

In which mobile phones can we install skype?

Visit :

What is the easiest way to download skype in mobile?

A free SMS will be sent to you ! Follow that enough! Visit:

For Mobile Phones in Bangladesh, you might want to visit:

Biggest Screen among Nokia Phones which is feasible for me:

DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) Standards


The DAISY Consortium develops, maintains and promotes international DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) Standards.

DAISY digital format assists people who, for various reasons, have challenges using regular printed media. DAISY digital talking books offer the benefits of regular audiobooks, but they are superior because DAISY includes navigation.

DAISY Makes Reading Easier (YouTube Video)  transcript

DAISY Multimedia



UNDP Bangladesh Publications

Significant number of development programs are supported by UNDP. Reports on these projects are published regularly. This is one of the reliable source of secondary data for ICT4D related research related to Bangladesh